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Sensorimotor brain dynamics reflect architectural affordances

Sensorimotor brain dynamics reflect architectural affordances

Authors: 
Zakaria Djebbara, Lars Brorson Fich, Laura Petrini, and Klaus Gramann
Year: 
2019
Journal: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)
Abstract: 

Anticipating meaningful actions in the environment is an essential function of the brain. Such predictive mechanisms originate from the motor system and allow for inferring actions from environmental affordances, and the potential to act within a specific environment. Using architecture, we provide a unique perspective on the ongoing debate in cognitive neuroscience and philosophy on whether cognition depends on movement or is decoupled from our physical structure. To investigate cognitive processes associated with architectural affordances, we used a mobile brain/body imaging approach recording brain activity synchronized to head-mounted displays. Participants perceived and acted on virtual transitions ranging from nonpassable to easily passable. We found that early sensory brain activity, on revealing the environment and before actual movement, differed as a function of affordances. In addition, movement through transitions was preceded by a motor-related negative component that also depended on affordances. Our results suggest that potential actions afforded by an environment influence perception.

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